Program Concentrations & Community Planning Track

Students may elect to study in one or a combination of three concentrations. Alternatively, they can study in the program’s Community Planning Track. The concentrations are location analysis, urban-regional analysis (which offers the greatest programmatic flexibility), geographic information science & technologies (GIS&T) and transportation studies. Students choosing to build concentrations in GIS can also do so, in consultation with their advisor, within the urban-regional analysis concentration. The University’s interdisciplinary Community Planning Track is also housed within the M.A. in Geography.




Overview: The Geographic Information Science & Technologies (GIS&T) track offers course work giving each student the opportunity to acquire and apply GIS&T tools and techniques, specifically digital image processing, environmental, transportation and urban applications of GIS, GPS, GIS programming and customization, geocomputation, geovisualization, location modeling, network analysis, planning applications of GIS, remote sensing, spatial database design, spatial decision support systems, spatial optimization spatial statistics and geostatistics.

Job Prospects: Job prospects have been excellent for students with training in GIS&T. Graduates have worked as GIS&T experts for a variety of agencies and firms including:

ESRI Mecklenburg Co. Engineering Dept.
Charlotte DOT AMEC Earth & Environmental
U.S. Department of Defense U.S. Department of Justice
Charlotte Area Transit System Mecklenburg Co. GIS Office
Family Dollar Stores The Buxton Group
Thompson Associates Cabarrus Co. GIS Office
NOAA City of Concord Planning Dept
Lowe’s IntePoint LLC

Several graduates of the GIS&T track have also entered doctoral programs at UNC Charlotte and around the country.


Course Work: The following courses (12 credits total) are required for a track in GIS&T:

GEOG 6100 Quantitative Analysis in Geography (3)
GEOG 6131 Research Design Fundamentals (3)
GEOG 7900 (Individual Research Project) (6)

A total of 24 credits originating from the following lists of GIS&T electives are recommended for a track in GIS&T (*). In customizing their programs, students should endeavor to take at least 3 to 6 elective hours of geography courses in the areas of community planning, transportation, locational analysis or urban regional analysis.

A. GIS&T tools and techniques:
GEOG 5120 Introduction to Geographic Information Systems (**) (4)
GEOG 5102 Cartographic Design and Map Construction (3)
GEOG 5150 Spatial Database Development with GPS/GIS (4)
GEOG 5000 GIS Programming and Spatial Database (3)
ESCI 5170 Fundamentals of Remote Sensing (4)
ESCI 5180 Digital Image Processing in Remote Sensing (4)
GEOG 6120 Spatial Statistics (3)
GEOG 6130 Geovisualization (3)

B. GIS&T applications:
GEOG 5101 Applied Cartographic Design (3)
GEOG 5131 Environmental Modeling with GIS (4)
GEOG 5132 Spatial Modeling for Social and Economical Applications (4)
GEOG 5140 GIS and Planning (4)
GEOG 6030 Topics in Geographic Techniques (3)
GEOG 6121 Advanced Seminar on Spatial Modeling (3)
GEOG 6122 GIS&T and Urban Regional Analysis (3)
GEOG 6400 Advanced Seminar in Spatial Decision Support Systems (4)
GEOG 6402 Multi-Attribute Assessment/Evaluation for Planning & Decision-Making (3)
GEOG 6404 Spatial Data Analysis in GIS (3)
GEOG 6406 Spatial Information and Mobility Systems (3)
GEOG 6407 Geocomputation (3)
GEOG 6408 Spatial Optimization (3)

*In addition, selected course work offered by the Civil and Environmental Engineering Department and the College of Computing and Informatics is available to students with the approval of their academic advisor, provided that course prerequisites are satisfied. Students can also elect to complete an internship with a private company or a public agency for credit to acquire practical experiences in GIS&T.

** Unless students have had a substantial introductory GIS course prior to entering the M.A. program, GEOG 5120 is strongly recommended as this course serves as a foundation for the other GIS&T courses.



Overview: This concentration prepares students for jobs in location research with retail companies, real estate developers, consulting firms, commercial banks, and economic development agencies or for continued academic training in economic geography and location analysis.

Advisory Council: The Location Analysis Concentration receives regular feedback from industry professionals from its Advisory Council as well as an active network of alumni. The Advisory Council consists of established professionals who  provide information on current best practices in the industry and help keep the curriculum relevant to industry needs. The mission of the Council is to assist in the preparation of our graduates for their first jobs in the industry as well as ensuring they have the appropriate skills for their long-term career development.

For 2015-2018 the Advisory Council consists of: 

Alan Black: Senior Vice President, Wells Fargo Corp. 
Evan Byers: Market Analyst, Target Corp. 
John Crouse: Director, Real Estate Services, Wendy's
John Gargiulo: Market Information Manager, Bank of America
Ken McWilliams: Director of Strategy, Crescent Communities
Jon Middleton: Founding Partner, GeoScouts, LLC.
Christopher Moore: Manager - Market Strategy, Family Dollar

Job Prospects: Nearly every graduate of the program have found employment in the field of location analysis. Graduates have worked as location analysts, department heads and owners of a variety of firms which include:

Bank of America GAP
Best Buy General Growth Companies
The Buxton Company Harley Davidson
The Fresh Market Lowe's
Claritas Crown Petroleum
Target Macy's
Fifth-Third Bank Wells Fargo
Family Dollar Trade Area Systems
ESRI NC Department of Commerce

Course Work: The following courses are suggested for a concentration in location analysis:

GEOG 5155 Retail Location (3)
GEOG 5255 Applied Population Analysis (3)
GEOG 6306 Store Location Research (3)
GEOG 6105 Site Feasibility Analysis (3)
GEOG 6103 Real Estate Development (3)
GEOG 6105 Applied Real Estate Development (3)
GEOG 5120 Introduction to Geographic Information Systems (**) (4)
GEOG 5130 Advanced Geographic Information Systems (4)
GEOG 6408 Spatial Optimization (3)
GEOG 6300 Applied Regional Analysis (3)
GEOG 5132 Spatial Modeling for Social and Economical Applications (4)
GEOG 5000 Census Data and Urban Analysis (3)
GEOG 6303 Geography of Knowledge and Information (3)



Overview: Students in the urban-regional analysis concentration normally pursue course work in one of the following areas:

community development GIS based analysis
public facility siting site feasibility
regional development impact analysis

Students normally gain employment in public sector community development and planning as well as with private sector consulting firms.

Job Prospects: Graduates of the M.A. in Geography program hold positions in a number of local and regional agencies in North Carolina and South Carolina as well as in other states including Connecticut, Ohio, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, New York, Virginia, and Washington. They have responsibility for a broad range of development issues and tasks including economic development, geographic information systems, housing, land use, community and neighborhood analysis, open space, recreation, and planning administration. Job placement for graduates has been very successful.

Course Work: The following course menu is suggested for a concentration in urban-regional analysis:

GEOG 5101 Cartographic Techniques (3)
GEOG 5103 Computer Mapping (3)
GEOG 5108 Sport, Place and Development (3)
GEOG 5120 Introduction to Geographic Information Systems (4)
GEOG 5130 Advanced Geographic Information Systems (4)
GEOG 5210 Urban Planning Methods (3)
GEOG 5255 Applied Population Analysis (3)
GEOG 5260 Transportation Policy Formulation (3)
GEOG 5265 Transportation Analysis Methods (3)
GEOG 6015 Topics in Regional Geography (3)
GEOG 6103 Real Estate Development (3)
GEOG 6210 The Restructuring City (3)
GEOG 6303 Geography of Knowledge and Information (3)
GEOG 6305 Site Feasibility Analysis (3)
GEOG 6301 Industrial Location (3)
GEOG 6300 Applied Regional Analysis (3)
GEOG 6500 Urban Planning: Theory and Practice (3)
GEOG 6400 Advanced Seminar in Spatial Decision Support Systems (4)

Students choosing to build concentrations in GIS may, in consultation with their advisor, do so within the urban-regional analysis concentration.



Overview: The Community Planning Track is structured to provide students with planning skills, methods and theory, and practical experience for careers in community planning. Interdisciplinary perspectives from core coursework in Architecture, Economics, Geography and Public Administration round out the structure of the Track.

Job Prospects: Graduates have been highly successful in finding jobs. Graduates have been hired by local and regional planning agencies to give the Track an excellent placement success rate. AICP certification is typically acquired via employment in these job-providing environments. Graduates of the program hold executive positions in the North Carolina Chapter of the APA, which has excellent support for AICP exam preparation. Perhaps one-third of the students in the Community Planning Track are practicing planners who wish to build and improve their professional skills.

Community Planning Curriculum

Required hours: 36 semester hours  
Core coursework: 21 hours (required of all students)  
GEOG 5210 Urban Planning Methods 3 hrs.
GEOG 6040/ARCH 6050 Community Planning Workshop 3 hrs.
GEOG 6130 Quantitative Analysis in Geography 3 hrs.
GEOG 6500 Urban Planning: Theory and Methods 3 hrs.
ARCH 5214 Dilemmas of Modern City Planning 3 hrs.
ECON 6250 Advanced Urban and Regional Economics 3 hrs.
M.P.A.D. 6324 Financial Analysis of Government and Non-profit Organizations 3 hrs.
Elective Course Work    
GEOG 5120 Introduction to Geographic Information Systems 4 hrs.
GEOG 5130 Advanced Geographic Information Systems 4 hrs.
GEOG 5209 Small Town Planning 3 hrs.
GEOG 5255 Applied Population Analysis 3 hrs.
GEOG 5260 Transportation Policy Formation 3 hrs.
GEOG 5265 Transportation Analysis Methods 3 hrs.
GEOG 5270 Evaluation of Transportation Impacts 3 hrs.
ARCH 6050 Public Spaces in Cities 3 hrs.
ARCH 6050 Urban Transit and City Form 3 hrs.
ARCH 7103/7104 Urban Design Problems (Topical Studio) 5 hrs.
M.P.A.D. 6102 Legal and Institutional Foundations of Public Administration 3 hrs.
M.P.A.D. 6128 Public Policy Analysis and Program Evaluation 3 hrs.
M.P.A.D. 6131 Public Budgeting and Finance 3 hrs.
M.P.A.D. 6330 Program Evaluation for the Public and Non-profit Sectors 3 hrs.
Capstone Research Project 6 hours (required of all students)  
GEOG 7900 Individual Research Project (taken in final semester) 6 hrs.



GEOG 5000. Topics in Geography. (3) Major topics in Geography. May be repeated for credit as topics vary. (Yearly) (Evening)

GEOG 5040. Transportation Topics. (3) Prerequisite: permission of department. Investigation of special topics in transportation including: transit systems, mobility and travel patterns, land use/transportation interface, air pollution, and information systems. (Spring) (Alternate years)

GEOG 5101. Cartographic Techniques. (3) Prerequisite: GEOG 2100. Preparation of maps, figures and charts at a professional level of competence. Techniques to be emphasized include desktop mapping with computers, high resolution imagesetting output, color separation techniques which include computer separations as well as scribing and various related photographic processes. Two laboratories of three hours each per week. (Spring)

GEOG 5102. Cartographic Design and Map Construction. (3) Design process and basic map construction techniques with particular emphasis on the graphic elements of map design, planning map design, creating visual hierarchies, the uses of color, and basic mechanical color separation. (Fall)

GEOG 5103. Computer Mapping. (3) Prerequisites: GEOG 2100 and CSCI 1100 or 1201 and its lab, or permission of instructor. Automated methods of gathering, storing, manipulating and displaying spatial data. Emphasis on the use of existing software and the design and implementation of geographic data structures and algorithms. (Spring)

GEOG 5108. Sport, Place and Development. (3) Prerequisites: GEOG 1105. Examines sport and its impact on the landscape of cities and communities. Implications of sport are examined in terms of urban use, urban social structure, markets, franchise movement and expansion, urban politics, its role in defining sense of place, and its impact on the development of communities and regions. (Spring)

GEOG 5120. Introduction to Geographic Information Systems. (4) Prerequisite: permission of instructor. Development, current state-of-the-art and future trends in geographic information processing with emphasis on data gathering, storage, and retrieval, analytical capabilities and display technologies. A laboratory component will include development and completion of an applied GIS research project. Additional requirements for graduate credit. Three lecture hours, one two-hour lab per week. (Fall)

GEOG 5130. Advanced Geographic Information Systems. (4) Prerequisite: GEOG 5120 or permission of instructor. Advanced GIS study with emphasis on (1) advanced skills for database development and management; (2) spatial analysis and modeling; and (3) Macro language programming and user interface design. Three lecture hours and a two-hour lab session each week. (Spring)

GEOG 5140 GIS and Planning (4)

GEOG 5155. Retail Location. (3) Spatial attributes of retailing and related activities. Location patterns, store location research, trade area delineation and consumer spatial behavior. (Spring)

GEOG 5160. The Geography of Transportation Systems. (3) Geographical and human factors that affect the movement of goods and people from place to place. Emphasis on transportation routes and networks, commodity flow patterns and the locational implications of freight rates. (Spring)

GEOG 5209. Small Town Planning. (3) This course will explore small town population dynamics, rural-urban fringe land use dynamics, and changes in small towns' community identity and sense of place. Emphasis will be placed on the issues and techniques that typify small town planning environments. Students will investigate these issues via field work and data collection at municipal scales within the Charlotte region.

GEOG 5210. Urban Planning Methods. (3) Prerequisite: GEOG 5205 or permission of the instructor. Scope and methods of urban planning. Emphasis on analytical techniques, projections, and data sources used in developing comprehensive planning tasks and strategies. (Fall)

GEOG 5255. Applied Population Analysis. (3) Population data sources; measuring population change; elementary projection and estimation techniques; spatial sampling; migration; survey design; applications in the public and private sectors. (Fall)

GEOG 5260. Transportation Policy Formulation. (3) Prerequisite: permission of department. Structure of transportation policy at federal, state, and local levels including policies concerning highway financing and investments, congestion, safety, and use and development, energy, transit, and the provision of intercity services. (Fall) (Alternate years)

GEOG 5265. Transportation Analysis Methods. (3) Prerequisite: permission of department; statistics recommended. Procedures for analyzing the operation and performance of transportation systems; includes network planning models, minimum path algorithms and assignments; energy, air pollution, and activity analysis models; and research approaches, data sources, time and activity budgets, infrastructure condition and needs assessment. (Spring) (Alternate years)

GEOG 5270. Evaluation of Transportation Impacts. (3) Prerequisite: permission of department. Methods and case studies for evaluating impacts and benefits of transportation investments including site-level impact analysis; project, corridor, and area scales; multi-modal evaluation and examination of mutually exclusive alternatives. (Fall) (Alternate years)

GEOG 5310. Urban Social Geography. (3) Prerequisites: GEOG 1105 and at least one of GEOG 2200, GEOG 2165, GEOG 3100, or GEOG 3205, or permission of the instructor. Examines the reflexive relationship between society and urban space. Explores the intersection between urban geography and social theory, the evolution of city, community and personal spaces, and the relations and constructions of class, race, gender, and sexuality that shape and are shaped by the urban spaces in which we live and work. (Spring)

GEOG 5405. Urban Field Geography. (6) Prerequisite: six hours of urban-related undergraduate courses or permission of instructor. Intensive field studies of cities of the Carolinas, including one-day and overnight trips to cities of the mountains and coastal areas. Emphasis on day study trips within the Piedmont. Exercises include land-use mapping, trip journals, interviews and comparisons of the results of zoning and urban development practices within satellite cities of the Charlotte Metropolitan Statistical Area. (Summer)

GEOG 6000. Topics in Economic Geography. (3) Crosslisted as GEOG 8000. Major topics in the location of economic activity. May be repeated for credit as topics vary. (Yearly) (Evenings)

GEOG 6005. Topics in Urban Geography. (3) Crosslisted as GEOG 8005. Major topics in the form and structure of urban areas examined generally and in a specific local occurrence. May be repeated for credit as topics vary. (Yearly) (Evening)

GEOG 6010. Topics in Political Geography. (3) Crosslisted as GEOG 8010. Major topics in the spatial aspects of political systems with special emphasis on urban and regional spatial patterns examined generally and in a specific local occurrence. May be repeated for credit as topics vary. (On demand)

GEOG 6015. Topics in Regional Geography. (3) Intensive examination of major spatial questions in a given region. May be repeated for credit as topics vary. (On demand)

GEOG 6030. Topics in Geographic Techniques. (3) Crosslisted as GEOG 8030. Cartographic, remote sensing, quantitative techniques or field techniques. May be repeated for credit as topics vary. (On demand)

GEOG 6103. Real Estate Development. (3) Examination of the real estate development process. Identification and evaluation of the critical assumptions and issues related to market and site feasibility, financial feasibility, planning, acquisition, construction, and operation of economically viable commercial real estate projects. (Fall or Spring)

GEOG 6105. Applied Real Estate Development. (3) Prerequisite: MBAD 6159/GEOG 6103/ARCH 5068. This course focuses on the application of the processes involved in real estate development. Students will work in groups on a semester project to select a site and prepare an appropriate development plan that emphasizes the market and financial feasibility of the real estate development. (Fall or Spring)

GEOG 6120. Spatial Statistics. (3) Crosslisted as GEOG 8120. Prerequisite: GEOG 6130/8130, GEOG 6404/8404, or permission of the instructor. Statistical analysis of the spatial dimension of data. Topics include advanced aspects of spatial autocorrelation, global and local measures of spatial association, modifiable area unit problems, spatially weighted regression, and other spatial models. Emphasis on applying methods and developing skills useful in empirical research.

GEOG 6121. Advanced Seminar on Spatial Modeling. (3) Crosslisted as GEOG 8121. Prerequisite: GEOG 5131, GEOG 5132, or permission of the instructor. This seminar focuses on the theories of spatial modeling and simulation. Topics include, but are not limited to, spatial systems, models for spatial analysis, models for spatial simulation, modeling life-cycle, model verification, validation, and accreditation. (Fall)

GEOG 6122. GIS&T and Urban Regional Analysis. (3) Crosslisted as GEOG 8122. Prerequisite: permission of the instructor. This course focuses on the spatial thinking, spatial analytic methods and their GIS applications suited for urban and regional analyses. Modeling approaches include spatial interaction models, spatial optimization methods, spatial diffusion, space-time modeling of individual behavior and integrated transportation land-use models. (Fall)

GEOG 6123. Urban Regional Environment. (3) Crosslisted as GEOG 8123 and PPOL 8610. Examination of the nature of urban regions and the basic factors that shape urban regions as they grow. Impact of: geography; history; social factors; economic factors; concerns about gender, race and ethnicity, and class; and other determinants of the nature of urban regions, their problems, and possible policy solutions. (Spring)

GEOG 6124. Seminar in Geographic Theory and Research Design. (3) Crosslisted as GEOG 8124. Prerequisite: permission of the instructor. Critical examination of trends in the history and philosophy of geographic thought and research. Principles of research in geography and urban regional analysis.

GEOG 6130. Quantitative Analysis in Geography. (3) Crosslisted as GEOG 8130. Multiple regression, trend surface, factorial analysis, cluster analysis, discriminant analysis. (Fall) (Evenings)

GEOG 6131. Research Design Fundamentals. (3) Crosslisted as GEOG 8131. Scientific research and problem solving. Problem identification, bibliographic search, data sources and collection, techniques selection and preparation of reports and proposals. (Spring) (Evenings)

GEOG 6132. Seminar in Geography. (3) Study of the current trends in geographic thought and research methods. Pass/No Credit grading. (On demand)

GEOG 6210. The Restructuring City. (3) Crosslisted as GEOG 8210 and PPOL 8615. Critical assessment of the causes and consequences of contemporary urban restructuring. Evaluation of theoretical, planning and policy challenges facing urban society associated with global-local change. (Fall, Alternate years)

GEOG 6211. Cities and Immigrants. (3) Crosslisted as GEOG 8211. Prerequisite: permission of the instructor. Examination of changing patterns and dynamics of immigrant settlement and adjustment in U.S. and Canadian urban areas. Topical areas include assimilation and integration, identity formation, trans-nationalism, enclave development, labor market involvement, gateway versus new destinations, immigrant suburbanization and socio-spatial isolation. (Spring, Alternate years)

GEOG 6212. Urban Labor Markets. (3) Crosslisted as GEOG 8212. Prerequisite: permission of the instructor. This course will explore the changing social and spatial structure of urban labor markets in post-industrialized cities. Special reference to immigrant and minority labor markets in the U.S. Topics include discrimination, industry and occupation concentrations, job queues, ethnic networks, ethnic entrepreneurs, technological change and economic restructuring.

GEOG 6213. Development Issues on the Rural-Urban Fringe. (3) Crosslisted as GEOG 8213. Prerequisite: permission of the instructor. This course focuses on changes in the rural-urban fringe and the resulting fringe geographies including challenges that local and regional governments face with growth management, sense of place, and sustainable integration into their new regional settings.

GEOG 6300. Applied Regional Analysis. (3) Crosslisted as GEOG 8300. Prerequisite: Basic computer skills including spreadsheets. Introduction to methods and techniques used in regional analysis. Topical areas include data sources and collection, regional delineation, community and regional profiles, regional accounts, methods of analysis and impact assessment. Topics are discussed in terms of theory, use, and role in economic geography and regional development. Emphasis is placed on application of economic and demographic methods at the regional level. (Spring, Alternate years)

GEOG 6301. Industrial Location. (3) Crosslisted as GEOG 8301. Addresses factors influencing the location of industrial and service activities. Classical theories of industrial location are augmented with contemporary interpretations of the economic landscape. Emphasis is placed on theoretical foundations and new developments in industrial location theory, patterns and trends of industrial location, the site selection process, community impacts of locational decision-making, and the role of governments. Patterns and trends are examined in regional, national, and international perspectives. (Fall, Alternate years)

GEOG 6302. Regional Economic Development. (3) Crosslisted as GEOG 8302 and PPOL 8642. Neo-classical and contemporary theories of trade, economic geography and urban and regional development. Topics include theories of urban and regional growth, location theories including industry, central places and growth centers; human capital, labor force and entrepreneurial contributions to growth; policy dimensions of urban growth and development are addressed from theoretical and empirical perspectives. (Fall)

GEOG 6303. Geography of Knowledge and Information. (3) Crosslisted as GEOG 8303. Prerequisite: permission of the instructor. Examination of the factors that influence the location of economic activities in the information age. Discussions and lectures explore the geographic aspects of the transition away from manufacturing to information processing as the primary mode of production. The transition is examined in terms of technology development, urban and regional development, information flows and the location of quaternary industry. (Fall, On demand)

GEOG 6304. The Transforming North Carolina Economy. (3) Crosslisted as GEOG 8304. Prerequisite: permission of the instructor. An examination of the contemporary and historic forces which shape the economic geography of the state. Themes examined will include human-land interactions, past and present economic transitions and the rural-urban balance within the state. Emphasis will be placed on understanding the economic forces which will most dramatically impact the future. Seminar format.

GEOG 6305. Site Feasibility Analysis. (3) Prerequisite: permission of instructor. Examination of factors affecting the feasibility of land parcels for commercial and residential development with emphasis on the physical evaluation of a given site, the market support for its intended use and the financial support for the proposed development. (Fall)

GEOG 6306. Store Location Research. (3) Prerequisite: GEOG 6130 or permission of instructor. Market area analysis and site evaluation methods, including the application of multivariate statistical models, spatial interaction-gravity models, and location-allocation techniques to the retail location analysis task. (Spring)

GEOG 6400. Advanced Seminar in Spatial Decision Support Systems (SDSS). (4) Crosslisted as GEOG 8400 and PPOL 8642. Prerequisite: GEOG 5120 or permission of instructor. Theoretical aspects of spatial DSS including technical, social, political and psychological consideration; systems design; systems manipulation; and case studies. Three hours of lecture and one two-hour lab per week. (Fall)

GEOG 6401. GIS Programming and Customization. (3) Crosslisted as GEOG 8401. Prerequisite: GEOG 4120/5120 or permission of the instructor. This course consists of tutorials, readings, projects, and discussions of how to customize and to program ArcObjects within various programming environments: to program automatic repetitive tasks, to build their own applications, to write geoprocessing scripts, and to develop and customize the Web applications.

GEOG 6402. Multi-Attribute Assessment/Evaluation for Planning & Decision-Making. (3) Crosslisted as GEOG 8402. Prerequisite: permission of the instructor. The course provides a survey and comparison of multi-attribute assessment and evaluation methods in spatial planning and decision-making; and discusses the implementation of these methods with the aid of geographic information techniques. Topics include land suitability/vulnerability assessment, environmental and social impact assessment, risk assessment, site selection, plan evaluation, and multi-criteria decision analysis. (Spring)

GEOG 6404. Spatial Data Analysis in GIS. (3) Crosslisted as GEOG 8404. Prerequisite: GEOG 5120 or permission of the instructor. Advanced analytical methods used in GIS and spatial data analysis to advance the understanding of spatial patterns and to invoke powerful principles of spatial thinking. Examination of theoretical and conceptual aspects of algorithms used in GIS software to analyze spatial data. Critical assessment of the use, misuse, abuse and limitations of GIS analytical techniques.

GEOG 6405. Three Dimensional Visualization. (3) Crosslisted as GEOG 8405. Prerequisite: GEOG 4130/5130 or permission of the instructor. This course consists of tutorials, readings, projects, and discussions concerned with how geo-visualization techniques can be used to display geographic information driven from spatial analyses in 3D GIS. Students who successfully complete the course are able to understand advanced geographic information systems, focusing on multi-dimensional data models and three-dimensional geo-visualization as spatial analyses tools. In addition, students work on independent and group projects to develop 3D GIS applications such as 3D Urban Simulation System using existing 3D GIS and visualization software.

GEOG 6500. Urban Planning: Theory and Practice. (3) Crosslisted as GEOG 8500 and PPOL 8616. Critical assessment of alternative planning theories and their application to planning practices. Examination of economic, political, social, cultural and geographical factors affecting the operations of cities and resource distribution. (Alternate years)

GEOG 6501. Community Planning Workshop. (3) Crosslisted as ARCH 6050. Problem-solving, client-based course designed to give students experience in applying planning theory and methods to actual problems. Types of problems include growth management, land use planning, regional planning, community development, urban design, infrastructure financing, economic development, and environmental management. Students will gain experience compiling and analyzing community scale data, working with citizens, professional planners, and elected officials and preparing oral reports and technical documents. The workshop setting will build upon and extend conventional classroom instructions. (Fall)

GEOG 6600. Transportation Policy. (3) Crosslisted as GEOG 8600 and PPOL 8613. Examination of surface transportation from a public policy perspective. Institutional components and role of government at all levels influencing investment; changes in technology, environment, security, safety, equity, cost-effectiveness, public health and welfare are covered. (Fall)

GEOG 6612. Advanced Geography of Transportation Systems. (3) Crosslisted as GEOG 8612. Prerequisite: GEOG 6100/8100 or permission of the instructor. Exploration of transportation systems from a geographic perspective. The course emphasizes the importance of these systems in the past, present and future. The course explores the relationships between the organization of the space economy and transportation, the flow of people, commodity and ideas at different scales of observation from the small picture (urban transportation) to the big, global picture (international transportation), mobility issues in everyday life and in the economy. The social, economic, physical, and political contexts of transportation systems are discussed. The course is also designed to develop analytical capabilities by using a few fundamental techniques of transportation planning and analysis.

GEOG 6643. Rural Development Issues. (3) Crosslisted as GEOG 8643. Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. This course provides research experiences that focus on policy formulation, and demographic, economic and planning issues in rural areas. (Fall)

GEOG 6800. Directed Problems in Geography. (1-4) Crosslisted as GEOG 8800. Individual research into geographic topics. May be repeated one time. (On demand)

GEOG 7900. Individual Research Project. (6) Individual research report based on directed study of a topic of geographic significance. Pass/No Credit/ Unsatisfactory grading. (Fall, Spring)

GEOG 7999. Master’s Degree Graduate Residency Credit. (1) Permission needed from department. (Fall, Spring, Summer)